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The Dangers of Snorting Vyvanse

Vyvanse is a prescription stimulant drug typically used to treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). It is a schedule II controlled substance and comes with risk of abuse and addiction. Vyvanse should only be used if it has been prescribed to you by a licensed medical professional.

Taking Vyvanse for any reason other than its intended purpose and with a legitimate prescription is considered drug abuse. Abusing prescription medication is just as dangerous as abusing any street drug and can cause adverse consequences to your health.

Prescription medications such as Vyvanse are typically abused to obtain a “rush” known as a euphoric high. Other common reasons for Vyvanse abuse include for its possible side effect of weight loss or because a person believes it will improve focus and enhance their studies. Whatever the reason, abusing Vyvanse is incredibly dangerous and should be avoided.

It is typical to take this drug orally in pill form. However, sometimes Vyvanse is crushed and snorted or injected because the user believes it will achieve a faster high. Injecting or snorting Vyvanse is dangerous and comes with many adverse side effects and health risks including addiction and overdose.

If you abuse Vyvanse or other prescription stimulants, it is important to seek help. At Empowered Recovery, we can help you with your drug abuse problems. Our personalized addiction treatment plans are designed with you in mind.

Call us for confidential advice and start your addiction treatment today.

What is Vyvanse?

Vyvanse is a brand name for the drug lisdexamfetamine and comes from the amphetamine family. This prescription medication is used to treat attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in adults and children over 6 years of age. It is also sometimes used to treat binge eating disorder.

Vyvanse is a central nervous system stimulant medication. This means it speeds up messages sent between the brain and body. Stimulant drugs also:

  • Speed up your heart rate
  • Increase blood pressure
  • Constrict blood vessels
  • Increase body temperature
  • Increase energy

In addition, stimulants generally make you feel more awake and alert. Caffeine, for example, is a legal and natural stimulant. Other stimulant medications include Adderall and Ritalin, which are also schedule ii controlled substances.

You should not take Vyvanse if it has not been prescribed to you by a licensed medical professional. Prescription drugs should be treated with caution like any other drug and can cause adverse effects, especially if you have not prescribed them. This could be incredibly dangerous.

If you are concerned about taking Vyvanse that has been prescribed to you, it is important that you talk to your healthcare provider.

What Does Vyvanse Abuse Look Like?

Vyvanse is categorized as a schedule ii controlled substance meaning it has a high potential for abuse.

You might not realize that you are abusing Vyvanse. This can look like:

  • Taking a higher doses than prescribed
  • Prolonging use longer than recommended by a medical doctor
  • Taking Vyvanse not prescribed to you even if you think you need it
  • Buying Vyvanse as a street drug for any reason
  • Taking Vyvanse for a reason other than its intended purpose such as for weight loss
  • Crushing and snorting Vyvanse for a euphoric high
  • Dissolving in water and injecting

Support for Vyvanse abuse is available, and you are not alone. Asking for help can seem daunting but it is the essential step to starting recovery. Your health is important and you deserve a drug-free future.

What are the Risks of Abusing Vyvanse?

Depending on the length and severity, abusing Vyvanse can cause short and long term effects including:

  • Increased heart rate
  • Increased blood pressure
  • Rapid breathing
  • Dizziness
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Stomach pain
  • Decreased appetite and weight loss
  • Trouble sleeping and insomnia
  • Exacerbated existing mental health issues
  • Psychosis
  • Mood swings
  • Irritability
  • Mania
  • Hallucinations
  • Seizure
  • Stroke
  • Addiction

In extreme cases, Vyvanse abuse can result in overdose and even sudden death. This is why it is never worth the risk.

If you have misused or have any concerns regarding using Vyvanse, talk a medical professional. You can also contact us at Empowered Recovery for confidential advice. We offer treatment plans with you in mind.

What are the Dangers of Snorting Vyvanse?

Some people snort drugs for a more immediate rush or “high”, and this is also the case for snorting Vyvanse.

Vyvanse is a prodrug stimulant. This means it is inactive until metabolized in the bloodstream at which time it is then converted. Due to this process, studies have found that snorting Vyvanse does not particularly speed up the effects of the drug.

Snorting Vyvanse might not achieve its desired effect for a user, but it is still very harmful and can cause:

  • Damage to nasal passages
  • Nasal septum perforation
  • Chronic sinus infections
  • Respiratory infections
  • Cardiovascular issues
  • Loss of sense of smell
  • Swelling of face, mouth, and tongue
  • Blurred vision

Snorting drugs is always dangerous and can also lead to addiction and overdose.

What are the Signs of a Vyvanse Overdose?

If you take too much Vyvanse or misuse it such as by snorting, you may overdose. This is very serious and requires immediate treatment.

Signs and symptoms of a Vyvanse overdose include:

  • Rapid breathing
  • Fast heartbeat
  • Uncontrollable shaking
  • Aggressive behavior
  • Chest pain
  • Confusion
  • Panic
  • Vomiting
  • Hallucinations
  • Seizure

There is also a risk of coma and even sudden death. This is why a Vyvanse overdose is always a medical emergency. If you experience overdose symptoms, always call 911 immediately.

How do I Know if I Have a Vyvanse Addiction?

You might have an addiction to Vyvanse if you continue to take the drug despite adverse effects to your health and wellbeing. Addictions take over people’s lives and leave you feeling out of control.

An addiction to drugs is known medically as a substance use disorder (SUD). This is a disease which is hard to overcome but possible with professional treatment and care.

Signs of substance addiction include:

  • Compulsive drug-seeking and obsession over next fix
  • Mood swings
  • Becoming secretive
  • Increased drug tolerance
  • Prioritizing drug use over other responsibilities and commitments
  • Losing interest in things that were once important
  • Poor performance at school and work
  • Poor hygiene and self care
  • Social withdrawal
  • Wanting to quit drugs but being unable to
  • Withdrawal symptoms

If you have been taking Vyvanse and notice signs of addiction, is it important that you seek addiction treatment from a medical professional.

What does Treatment for Vyvanse Addiction Look Like?

An addiction can only be diagnosed by a specialized medical professional. This is known medically as a substance use disorder (SUD). Addiction is hard to overcome, but possible with the right support.

If you have an addiction to Vyvanse, you will need to undergo a detox to overcome physical dependence. For your safety and peace of mind, this is best done at a treatment center. We do not recommend detoxing at home without professional supervision or quitting cold turkey.

Vyvanse withdrawal symptoms include:

  • Mood swings
  • Anxiety
  • Depression
  • Inability to concentrate
  • Insomnia
  • Fatigue
  • Increased appetite
  • Cravings

The detox process is only short term and Vyvanse withdrawal symptoms usually taper off after a few days, until you have also taken other substances. As part of your treatment process, you may also undergo therapy and other treatment programs. These steps will help you to achieve long term recovery. This takes time, but recovery is a marathon, not a sprint.

Get Help for Vyvanse Abuse Today

At Empowered Recovery, we understand how difficult it can be to seek addiction treatment. That is why we offer treatment placement tailored to your specific needs, so you can focus on creating a brighter future.

How to Stay Sober: Tips for Getting and Staying Sober

“I Can’t Even Make It Sober One Day”- How to Stay Sober?

Getting and staying sober involves having a plan and some concerted effort. Your plan should involve:

Getting Support

If you have been drinking or taking drugs for a long time, you will be unlikely to be able to stay sober without some help. This might be from friends or family members, or it might be from new sober buddies. You will likely realize the importance of having healthy relationships on your recovery journey, and will naturally begin avoiding old drinking buddies.

Getting support for your substance abuse problems gets you these things:

  • Advice. If your car broke down, you wouldn’t expect to be able to fix it without some assistance. The same is true of getting sober. Trying to “wing it” will not produce results. If you have an addiction professional or someone with you who has been through, your chances of staying quit will be much higher.
  • Emotional support. There’s no two ways around it: getting sober is tough. During your drinking years, you don’t feel emotions fully and you will have been unlikely to build up the healthy coping mechanisms that people do while they are not drinking. When you stop, the floodgates of emotions open, and you have not yet learnt how to deal with them. Having people around you who can understand what you are going through in this challenging time goes a long way.

Going to Rehab

Addiction treatment for alcohol abuse is a one stop shop designed to help you get sober and remain sober. When you go to rehab, you will go through a medical detox, look at the reasons why you were drinking, be trained in how to maintain healthy relationships, and figure out how to change your life if you were living a chaotic or disorganized lifestyle.

In short, treatment facilities will teach you how to live a sober lifestyle and assist you in looking at past mistakes.

Avoid Having “Just One Drink”

You can’t get drunk if you don’t start drinking. While staying sober is not quite as simple as just avoiding drinking alcohol, this does play a key part. If you have an alcohol problem, remember that it is not possible for you to drink any amount of alcohol without risking relapse.

Stay Away From Old Drinking and Using Buddies

The adage in many recovery groups is that “if you stay in a barber shop long enough you will probably get a haircut”. This saying points to the belief that the chances of you getting drunk are pretty high if you hang around in places where people get drunk. The same could be said for hanging around with people who often get drunk.

While it might be comfortable to continue old habits and stay around people you used to drink with, this is not conducive to sober living. When you stop drinking, it is time to make new friends. These new friends should ideally also have a healthy lifestyle, so you can engage in wholesome pursuits together. A sober friend can be invaluable when you are thinking about drinking.

How to Get Sober and Stay Sober Longer

Short term sobriety and long term sobriety are two very different beasts. While in long term sobriety your cravings will be reduced, your state of mind will be a little more serene and you will have the support of other people to help you stay sober, it is not always a cake walk. Here are some tips that can help you to maintain lasting sobriety:

Go to Mutual Support Groups

Support groups are foundational for maintaining sobriety from drugs or alcohol, both short term and long term sobriety. Going to support groups means you have a ready-built network of sober friends who have been through similar experiences to you, and are able to offer you advice and emotional support.

Support groups like Narcotics Anonymous also encourage you to get a sponsor and work through the steps as a way of maintaining your sober life. Sponsors help support you, and doing the steps help you to clear the wreckage of the past and give you knowledge of self, something that is incredibly important in staying sober.

Get Rewarding Employment

Maintaining employment that nourishes your spirit will go a long way in your sober life. Many people find that a job that involves helping people helps them stay sober. You don’t have to work completely in the service of others – you can make a meaningful impact on the world.

Stay Financially Stable

If you have developed financial problems you will probably already know: being broke is not fun. In some ways it is more difficult when you are sober than when you were drinking. In the drinking days, your main concern is getting more alcohol, and there is usually a way of doing that. When you are sober, things are different. While you might choose to live a frugal life, having money is crucial to maintain your life.

Some people use spending money as a way of not experiencing difficult thoughts and feelings. The end result is that they are frequently in dire financial situations. In sobriety, it is better to face things head on. If you have a problem with spending money, look at why it might be and seek to address the root causes. If you continue to have difficulties, consider going to a support group like Debtors Anonymous, who can help you with your financial difficulties.

Maintain Robust Mental Health

Without looking after your mental health, you are at risk of relapse. Tips for maintaining mental health include:

Meditate regularly. There’s a reason why most religion and spiritual traditions and even many support groups include meditation as one of their elements: it works! Meditating frequently helps lower anxiety, reduces depression, and keeps neurotic thinking at bay.

Stay connected. As mentioned elsewhere in this article, maintaining relationships is integral to sobriety. If you have a tendency to isolate, make sure that you set aside time each day to connect.

Don’t take too much on. Working too hard or overexerting yourself in other ways can be detrimental to your mental health. Life is a marathon, not a sprint. You may actually find that if you take it a bit easier that you will be work effective at what you are doing. It’s worth remembering that burnout can be a genuine relapse trigger.

Start an Exercise Program

Getting regular exercise plays an important part of staying sober. Looking after your body means you look healthy, and more importantly, you feel healthy. These healthy habits will be instrumental in your new sober life. You can:

  • Lift weights
  • Do yoga
  • Start running
  • Take up swimming

How to Stay Away From Drugs

In some ways, staying away from drugs is easier than staying away from alcohol. Alcohol is available on most streets in most places in the world and is legal. Drugs, on the other hand, usually involve having a drug dealer’s number, calling them up and then going to buy them illicitly.

This is not always the case though. You may bump into an old acquaintance who offers you drugs, or you might find a baggie of something in an old coat pocket. You should be well-prepared for these situations. If you think you might see someone you used to use with, have a line rehearsed about why you do not want to use anymore. If you think you might find drugs in your belongings, visualize throwing the drugs away.

If you are in an area where there are many people around that you used to use with, you should consider moving. While this can be difficult, particularly if you have been in an area for a long time, sometimes the risks of relapsing simply are not worth it. Leaving harmful past relationships and forming healthy, supportive relationships always pays dividends.

How to Stay Sober From Alcohol Without AA

You don’t necessarily need AA to stay sober, but it is recommended that you attend an alternative support group for a while. Groups like SMART Recovery help people to stay sober in a similar way to AA.

While AA revolves around finding a higher power as part of the recovery process, the SMART Recovery process advocates science-based methods. SMART Recovery teaches health coping skills to help you overcome your alcohol addiction.

How to Stay Sober FAQ

Is It Really Possible to Stay Sober?

It is possible to stay sober. If you want proof, just ask someone who has gotten sober. People who have been through the worst kinds of alcohol and drug addiction have gotten clean and sober, and got on to live happy and successful lives.

Does Being Sober Make You Happier?

Initially, getting sober may not make you happier. Early recovery is difficult, and these difficulties may stifle your happiness. As you remain sober for longer, though, living the sober life gets better and better.

Is Life Better Without Alcohol?

Absolutely. Once you have got over the initial hurdles, life is far better without alcohol. Of course, staying sober is not always a bed of roses. You will encounter difficulties in life, no matter how long you have been sober for. Recovery is a lifelong process that will have challenging moments. It is all worth it though.

What Does Being Sober Really Mean?

To some people, getting sober just means stopping drinking. Other people talk about the idea of “emotional sobriety”. This kind of sobriety involves looking at yourself, how you interact with others, and what your thoughts and beliefs are. Some people believe that true sobriety only comes by working on yourself.


Being sober is difficult at first, but it is worth it. If you would like to find out more information on how you can stay sober, contact Empowered Recovery. We offer partial hospitalization and intensive outpatient programming to help find the best version of you again.

Benadryl Addiction and Abuse

Diphenhydramine is an over-the-counter antihistamine medication commonly known under the brand name Benadryl. Benadryl can be bought without a prescription and is easy to obtain. However, it has some extremely dangerous side effects if the dose is not controlled. Misusing diphenhydramine can be intentional, whereby people mix it with other substances such as alcohol or take large quantities at once. In different scenarios, individuals can unintentionally use more than is medically advised. Whether purposeful or not, misusing this substance can bring extremely dangerous and even fatal side effects if an overdose occurs.

Even if the guidelines for use are followed, Benadryl can produce some uncomfortable symptoms. It is essential to understand the purpose of the substance, how to use it safely, and the signs of diphenhydramine addiction.

What Is Benadryl Used For?

Recommended doses for children and adults indicate that those over the age of 12 should take one to two 25 mg tablets every four to six hours to relieve symptoms or as otherwise directed by a certified medical expert. Children between the ages of 6 and 12 can take one tablet every four to six hours. It is not advised for children younger than this to take this medication.


Antihistamines are used to relieve symptoms of allergic reactions to things such as pollen, animal hair, or dust. Many people who suffer from hay fever rely on antihistamines, particularly in high pollen seasons. Antihistamines, such as Benadryl, counteract the body’s natural product, histamines. Histamines cause uncomfortable symptoms like itchy eyes and nose, sneezing, itchy nose or throat, runny nose, and breathing difficulties.

Motion Sickness

Antihistamines like Benadryl are used in treating motion sickness. They can help ease symptoms such as nausea, sweating, and hyperventilating. The drug interacts with neurotransmitters inhibiting the body’s response and, in turn, the distressing symptoms.

Sleep Aid

Sometimes Benadryl is prescribed as a short-term sleep aid. It works due to the drowsy side effects many people experience. It is recommended only to use it on occasion if you struggle to sleep because of itchy skin or a cold. It is not recommended to use this substance as a long-term insomnia treatment.

Common Cold

Benadryl is commonly used to relieve symptoms of a cold, such as coughing and throat itchiness. It is frequently found in the ingredients of night cold medicines.

Side Effects of Benadryl

Like most medications, Benadryl produces side effects even if taken in the recommended dose. These can include:

  • Drowsiness
  • Dry mouth, nose, and throat
  • Dizziness
  • Nausea
  • Digestive issues
  • Headache
  • Restlessness
  • Muscle fatigue
  • Loss of appetite

The effects peak around two hours after ingestion when the recommended dose is taken. The effects have usually subsided around four hours after use. However, the are still diphenhydramine metabolites in the body, so taking a second dose of Benadryl before the effects have worn off can be risky for the user.

Abusing Over-The-Counter Medications

Over-the-counter medications such as Benadryl are very accessible, including for minors, and some people intentionally abuse the drug. There are some mild sedative effects, and in high doses, it can produce euphoric effects or feelings similar to intoxication. However, an amount higher than 25 mg can be severely dangerous and likely cause the user harm rather than euphoria.

It is common for users to mix Benadryl with alcohol, inducing some extremely toxic side effects. Mixing this substance with alcohol can result in breathing difficulties and respiratory failure, heart rhythm problems, and a lack of coordination. Combining alcohol with any other over-the-counter medication can produce dangerous side effects, but this combination can be fatal. If you are concerned that you or someone you love is experiencing a Benadryl addiction or is abusing antihistamines, help is available. You can reach out to us to seek professional medical advice today.

Signs of Benadryl Abuse

By nature, substance abuse can be very deceptive. It can be challenging to identify when somebody is living with an addiction. Some symptoms of Benadryl abuse may include the following:

  • Drowsiness
  • Restlessness
  • Confusion or disorientation
  • Anxiety
  • Mood swings
  • Depression
  • Vivid or distressing dreams
  • Poor coordination
  • Loss of appetite
  • Muscle lethargy
  • Headache
  • Gastrointestinal issues

Benadryl Addiction

Substance abuse always brings risks for the user. However, it does not necessarily indicate that the individual is addicted to a substance. They may feel they can stop using whenever they choose to. Unfortunately, this behavior can rapidly turn into a fully-fledged addiction.

When you are addicted to a substance such as Benadryl, you can’t stop using it even when you want to. There are many short and long-term implications for individuals living with a diphenhydramine addiction.

Short-Term Health Impacts

Some of the short-term effects of a Benadryl addiction include:

  • Memory problems
  • Confusion
  • Irregular heartbeat
  • Flushed skin
  • Muscle spasms
  • Seizures
  • Low blood pressure
  • Blurred vision
  • Coordination issues
  • Problems urinating

Long-term Health Impacts

Without addiction treatment, side effects can increase. A long-standing or severe addiction to Benadryl can result in the following symptoms:

  • Deterioration of mental capacity
  • Heart function issues
  • Withdrawal symptoms
  • Sight problems
  • Shaking and twitching
  • Liver and kidney problems
  • Increased risk of dementia
  • Overdose

Like with other substances, quitting the drug “cold turkey” brings risks for the user, and it is highly recommended to reduce your dosage with the support of a medical expert.

Overdose Risk

Substance abuse of any kind risks overdose; diphenhydramine addiction is no different. Understanding Benadryl overdose symptoms is critical if you or someone you know uses this substance regularly in high doses. Here are some typical indicators:

  • Blurred vision
  • Rapid heartbeat
  • Ringing ears
  • Seizure
  • Restlessness
  • Inability to urinate
  • Low blood pressure
  • Delirium
  • Exhaustion
  • Loss of consciousness
  • Extreme paranoia
  • Loss of coordination or inability to walk
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting

Getting Help for Substance Abuse

Substance addiction of any kind is a very challenging experience. It’s essential to understand the disease and how it manifests to manage it. Often substance abuse is a symptom of underlying mental health issues; these need to be tackled simultaneously with the addiction. People use drugs and alcohol for many different reasons; everyone can get through it to a better place with the right help and support.

The best kind of treatment places the individual at the center. Recognizing the uniqueness of the person and their addiction can help create an expertly tailored plan to encompass their needs and desires.

Although not limited to, it is common for Benadryl addiction to start in the teenage years. These challenging years can cause young people to experience depression, anxiety, and stress at extreme levels. Often substances feel like the only way to cope. Benadryl is an over-the-counter medication and can be accessed by those under eighteen, so it is common to find young people abusing diphenhydramine.

Treatment Options

It is essential to seek professional medical advice before attempting to stop using any substance. The support offered by compassionate and knowledgeable medics will ease any withdrawal symptoms and decrease the chances of relapse. If you or someone in your life is struggling with addiction, a comprehensive rehab program is the best place to turn.

Start Your Sober Journey Today

At Empowered Recovery, we know that every person, and their drug addiction, is unique. We offer a range of treatment options to suit your specific needs and hopes for your recovery journey. Our treatment modalities include:

  • Aversion Therapy
  • Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT)
  • Complementary therapy
  • Experiential therapy
  • Family therapy
  • Trauma-focused therapy

We incorporate short and long-term goals to keep you on the right track for a happy life of sobriety. Our treatment facilities allow you to recover in a comfortable and safe environment, so your entire focus is on regaining your health.

If you are ready to take a step forwards into health and seek treatment, we are here to guide you along the way. Get in touch with us to discuss addiction treatment options, and let us answer any questions you might have.

Dangers of Snorting Hydrocodone

Hydrocodone is used in many prescription medications and is frequently prescribed as opioid pain relief. However, the high prescription rates make the drug readily available and contribute to the high rates of hydrocodone abuse.

Hydrocodone abuse is widespread due to its euphoric and sedating effects; even so, snorting hydrocodone has many adverse consequences beyond those associated with substance abuse.

What Is Hydrocodone?

Hydrocodone accounts for approximately 60% of all painkiller prescriptions in the US. Commonly prescribed for pain medication, such as a cough or moderate to severe pain, the drug produces similar effects to other common opioids. It is found in products like Lortab and Vicodin.

Hydrocodone works by binding to opioid receptors in the brain. This slows down breathing rates and induces a relaxation within users that trigger the ‘reward system’ found within the brain, contributing to the high risk of addiction found for hydrocodone.

Due to its addictive qualities and rise in misuse, The U.S Drug Enforcement Administration changed the drug from a Scheduled III to Schedule II. Drugs in this category have a high potential for abuse which may lead to severe psychological or physical dependence.’

Hydrocodone can be prescribed as both immediate and extended-release formulations, whether in the form of hydrocodone pills, tablets, capsules, or cough syrup.

Extended-release formulations mean that the drugs are intended to relieve moderate to severe pain over a long period. This is achieved through the pain relief medication released throughout the body on a much slower scale. In comparison, immediate-release drugs can relieve pain from four to six hours.

Most commonly, hydrocodone tablets are taken as oral medication. Snorting hydrocodone is a popular method when abusing the drug, as it quickly enters the bloodstream, so the effects are felt quicker. Other forms of abuse may be through injection of the liquid form or smoking crushed hydrocodone tablets.

It’s essential to recognize that any hydrocodone user can misuse the drug. This includes:

  • Consuming more hydrocodone than recommended
  • Using someone else’s prescription
  • Using the substance to achieve a high sense of relaxation

Snorting Hydrocodone

Those looking for a quick high from hydrocodone will crush it down into a fine powder so they can snort hydrocodone through the nose. This produces a short-lived but intense high, causing users to crave and take another dose soon after the first, contributing to the risk of drug abuse.

Misusing hydrocodone for as little as one week can cause physical addiction to the drug, meaning that users will likely experience withdrawal symptoms without the drug.

Some hydrocodone products contain acetaminophen, so those taking the drug will attempt to extract it through various methods. Extended-release tablets are the most likely form of hydrocodone to be abused through snorting. Crushing hydrocodone pills like these means that high doses of the opioid can be felt at once; however, misusing extended-release tablets causes significant dangers, such as increasing the risk of overdose.

Although people enjoy the fast and intense effects felt after crushing and snorting hydrocodone, the way that the drug is produced makes it extremely dangerous to snort. They are intended for oral consumption and slow digestion, a big contrast to snorting, which immediately hits the bloodstream through the nasal passages.

Effects of Snorting Hydrocodone

Drugs like hydrocodone are created to be released gradually into the body. Once consumed, they first enter the digestive system, which distributes the drug to the rest of the body.

When the drug is snorted, it is absorbed through mucous membranes of the throat, nose, and roof of the mouth. Here, it enters the bloodstream and is carried quickly to the brain. The effects can be felt two to fifteen minutes after use.

Instead of entering the digestive system, hydrocodone will reach the central nervous system and bind to opioid receptors much quicker.

Although snorting hydrocodone causes a faster and more intense reaction to the drug’s effects, snorting hydrocodone can result in distressing and painful complications.

Damage To The Nose

If someone snorts hydrocodone, they are at risk of long- and short-term damage to the nose. The tissue that lines our nasal passages is extremely thin and delicate. Therefore, snorting drugs irritates and damages the nasal tissue; this can cause discomfort, continuous runny nose, and nosebleeds.

If hydrocodone is snorted for a long time, the drug will eventually erode the nasal tissue. This can result in a hole in the nasal septum (between the nostrils) or at the roof of the mouth. This can cause difficulty breathing and eating and sometimes causes a whistling sound when people are attempting to breathe.

Snorting hydrocodone increases the risk of necrosis; this is dead tissue that can be found within the nose. Research has found that, as a result of snorting hydrocodone, 77% of people who attended treatment for hydrocodone addiction had developed active necrosis.

Other effects from snorting hydrocodone related to nasal insufflation include:

  • Nasal crusting
  • Facial pain or swelling
  • Difficulty swallowing
  • Nosebleeds
  • Running nose
  • Septal perforation

Harm To The Throat and Lungs

Snorting hydrocodone can cause traces of hydrocodone to travel down the back of the nose; from here, it can drip down into the throat. Reaching the vocal cords can cause what is known as a ‘hoarse voice.’ If these drips reach the lungs and hit lung tissue, the reaction can worsen asthma and cause lung inflammation.

Typically, our nose hairs and mucous help protect the nose from any irritants; however, these can be damaged if someone is snorting hydrocodone. This allows the drug to reach the lungs, irritating the respiratory system, which can cause respiratory failure, weight loss, and difficulty breathing.

Spreading Disease

If you take hydrocodone by snorting it, you are likely crushing the drug on various objects and surfaces. These could be contaminated with irritants, toxins, and microorganisms. If these enter the body, they can risk causing damage to the nasal tissue, respiratory system, or throat.

Drug paraphernalia used for hydrocodone abuse, such as razor blades, papers, or shared surfaces, may be used by more than one person. This means that hydrocodone users are at risk of getting a disease from the different microorganisms encountered. Therefore people using the drug have an increased risk of disease transmission.

Hydrocodone Addiction

Hydrocodone is highly addictive, hence its recognition as a Scheduled II controlled substance. Due to its short-lived high, people taking the drug are encouraged to take more of it to prolong the desired effects. This can result in physical dependence and addiction to the drug.

Side Effects

The side effects that can be felt after taking hydrocodone may be experienced by someone who has been prescribed the drug and someone abusing it.

However, those abusing the drug are likely to feel the effects on a much higher level. Some side effects include:

  • Increased anxiety
  • Constipation
  • Headache
  • Dizzyness
  • Stomach pain
  • Diminished appetite
  • Nausea/vomiting
  • Slowed breathing
  • Loss of consciousness

Aside from experiencing these adverse side effects, some hydrocodone products contain a medication that is toxic to the liver; acetaminophen. Therefore abusing drugs that have this drug can cause liver toxicity, damage, and in some cases, failure.

Withdrawal Symptoms

Opioid abuse statistics in the US are incredibly high. A national survey found that around 9.7 million people reported abusing prescription medication in 2019. Therefore it is likely the majority of these people, if not all, experienced withdrawal symptoms.

Hydrocodone withdrawal symptoms are experienced when a person, who is physically dependent on the drug, suddenly tries to stop taking it. Some symptoms may include:

  • Anxiety
  • Agitation
  • Insomnia
  • Vomiting
  • Muscle pain

Addiction treatment offers a safe and comfortable environment to help ease and manage any withdrawal symptoms experienced.


Any misuse of opioid medications runs the risk of an opioid overdose. Opioid abuse is on the rise in the US, and a report found that hydrocodone accounted for 19,000 deaths in one year.

If someone is snorting hydrocodone, they are likely consuming large doses of the drug. This increases the risk of experiencing a hydrocodone overdose. Similarly, the risk of an overdose is only present if someone is misusing the drug.

Signs of an overdose include:

  • Size change in pupils
  • Breathing problems
  • Cold or blue skin
  • Loss of coordination
  • Loss of consciousness
  • Seizures
  • Uncontrollable vomiting

If you believe you or someone else is experiencing an opioid overdose, it is essential to seek professional medical help immediately.

Signs That Someone Is Abusing Hydrocodone

Anyone who is snorting hydrocodone is likely abusing the drug. Hydrocodone is an addictive drug, so the need to feel an instant and quick high indicates signs of addiction. It causes a person to lose control over their life despite the negative consequences that may be occurring due to substance abuse. Some other symptoms that someone is abusing hydrocodone are:

  • A runny nose
  • Frequent nosebleeds
  • A constant hoarse voice
  • Suffer from respiratory problems
  • Damage to nasal passages
  • Increased tolerance to hydrocodone

If you or someone you know are experiencing these signs, it may be time to seek help for a disorder. Help is always available to guide you in starting your road to recovery.

Getting Help for Hydrocodone Abuse and Addiction

Treatment for any opioid addiction typically starts with drug detox. It is recommended that you opt for a medical detox in a rehabilitation center for healthcare professionals to aid you in tapering off of the substance to support you with any hydrocodone withdrawal symptoms.

The next stage of substance abuse treatment consists of behavioral therapies to help work through the causes and teach coping mechanisms and skills to aid in cravings.

Addiction Treatment at Empowered Recovery

Addiction treatment at Empowered Recovery is run on a holistic level, offering a compassionate solution to a life-changing disease.

We understand that drug addiction differs for everyone and recognize this by offering evidence-based treatment options delivered by our top-tier medical experts. Some Treatment programs offered at Empowered Recovery include:

  • Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT)
  • Dialectical Therapy
  • Trauma-focused Therapy
  • Complementary Therapy
  • Family Therapy

We are committed to working with you to overcome your substance abuse to live a happy and sober life. Contact us today to discuss treatment options.

How Long Does Ecstasy Stay In Your System, Blood and Urine?

Often described as a ‘party drug,’ ecstasy is a recreational drug used in a night club and dance settings. Ecstasy is the commonly used term for a substance known as MDMA. Other street names for the substance include Molly, Mandy, and E.

Ecstasy became popular in the 80s club scene, but recently it has been used by a broader range of people, including in medical settings. Despite recent research suggesting some effectiveness for MDMA-assisted psychotherapy, the substance brings a high risk for the user and has side effects that can be fatal.

The length of time the drug remains in the body varies depending on several factors: dose, frequency of use, body weight, and composition. We look at these factors in detail below and the options for addiction treatment if you or a loved one live with substance abuse problems.

What Is Ecstasy?

MDMA is a synthetic drug that typically produces a euphoric high for users. In some cases, it can have psychedelic effects; for this reason, it is sometimes associated with LSD.

Originally derived from amphetamines in the early 1900s, ecstasy was used for its appetite-suppressing properties and could be acquired on prescription. It was a rarely used substance until the 1970s when it began being used as an alternative psychotherapy method in individuals living with PTSD, addiction, and depression.

MDMA then made its way into the mainstream through club nights, music festivals, and raves, where it was and is commonly abused until this day. For this reason, the U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) rescheduled MDMA as a Schedule I controlled substance, categorizing it as a substance without any medical use.

What Are The Effects of Ecstasy?

Typically the effects of MDMA last between 2 and 6 hours. This substance has hallucinogenic and stimulant properties, and it works by stimulating serotonin activity in the brain, which affects the body and mind.

Users tend to report feelings of increased energy, joy, and empathy. They also may become more trusting and compassionate of others, friends, and strangers.

Ecstasy affects your need for sleep and food, with users typically reporting a decreased appetite and increased warmth and activity. Ecstasy users report many other associated side effects. Physical side effects include:

  • Tensed muscles
  • Jaw clenching
  • Gastrointestinal system issues
  • Nausea
  • Increased perspiration
  • Increased body temperature
  • Raised heart rate
  • Increased blood pressure
  • Dehydration
  • Impaired or blurred vision

Psychological effects include:

  • Increased senses
  • Feelings of joy and euphoria
  • Compassion for others
  • Anxiety
  • Paranoia
  • Hallucinations

It is common for these effects to feel positive and enjoyable for the first few hours after use; however, less positive side effects tend to occur after the euphoria wears off. After the body has metabolized the MDMA, users will commonly experience difficult and distressing after effects, also known as a comedown.

Depending on how much the drug is used, the effects will vary. The National Institute on Drug Abuse suggests that a standard dose of MDMA will see the user experience the most intense effects 15 to 30 minutes after the onset of symptoms.

The effects of the drug usually last between 3 and 6 hours. However, some symptoms have been known to last for days or weeks. After the initial dose, like many drugs, the user is likely to search for the same feelings from the first high. This can result in them taking increasing quantities of the drug. This affects the length of time that MDMA stays within the body and increases the risks of adverse side effects.

Can You Develop an Ecstasy Addiction?

It is common for users to become addicted to the effects of ecstasy. Individuals may begin to feel they cannot have a good time without the drug, and they spend a lot of time thinking about and acquiring the drug.

Signs of an ecstasy addiction could include:

  • Intense cravings for the positive effects of MDMA
  • Increasing dosage of use
  • Continuing to use the drug despite negative impacts

An individual’s tolerance to the substance will increase reasonably rapidly with regular use; despite taking the same dose or more, the drug will have fewer effects. This often leads users to take higher doses to feel the same euphoria. Over time, ecstasy use depletes serotonin levels in the brain, which gives you the ecstasy ‘high.’

How Long Does Ecstasy Stay In Your System?

When we talk about the body’s ability to metabolize drugs, we use the term ‘half life’; this refers to the amount of time taken for the initial concentration of the drug to reduce by half. After one half-life, 50% of the dose taken remains in the body.

Research has found that it can take approximately forty hours, or five half-lives, for 95% of ecstasy to go from the body.

The length of time MDMA stays within the system depends on several factors, including dosage, body composition, metabolism, and other drugs in the body. Furthermore, different tests have varying sensitivity and different detection windows. Although it is not possible to give a specific time frame, ecstasy is detectable for approximately:

  • Three days in blood tests
  • Three days in saliva tests
  • Five days in urine tests
  • For months after hair follicle tests

What Is an Ecstasy Drug Test?

The length of time MDMA stays within the system is variable. Furthermore, different tests have different sensitivity and detection times. Although it is not possible to give an exact time frame, an individual may test positive approximately:

  • Up to 3 days in blood tests – Ecstasy is typically ingested orally, which does not release the substance instantly; it releases slowly, resulting in prolonged highs compared to other drugs. Blood tests are an invasive procedure, so they are not usually used.
  • Up to 3 days in saliva tests – Saliva tests are a quick way of detecting MDMA. This type of test is not usually used in treatment centers; it is more likely to be used by the police to check for substances at the time of the arrest.
  • Up to 5 days in urine tests. This is the most typical way to test for MDMA. Ecstasy is excreted through the kidneys after it is metabolized and has a detection window of between two and five days.
  • Up to 4 months in hair follicle tests – This is not a standard testing method as it can’t accurately detect very recent drug use. However, hair tests help identify substance abuse history as they can show whether you used ecstasy in the three months before being tested. This drug test method is generally used in employment environments to screen potential employees for substance abuse.

MDMA Addiction Treatment

If you, or someone you know, wants to stop using ecstasy, help is available. The cycle of substance addiction is a complex condition, and medical supervision is strongly advised to keep you on the right track to recovery.

Every drug addiction is unique, and therefore, so is the recovery. A quality rehabilitation center should offer you treatment options, incorporating flexibility to suit your recovery goals and needs. Most recovery plans begin with detox, which flushes the body of substances and the associated toxins. Here we look at some of the elements you may find in an addiction treatment program:


Detoxification is the process of ridding the body of substances. This is a crucial first step in your journey, allowing you to focus on the psychological aspects of recovery. There are no FDA-approved medications for treating ecstasy addiction, but comprehensive drug detox programs can provide a secure environment with medical supervision to manage the distressing symptoms of withdrawal.

Ecstasy withdrawal is not usually harmful, but it can be uncomfortable. Individuals may experience exhaustion, brain fog, loss of appetite, anxiety, and depression. If you choose a holistic healing program, your medical supervision will treat any co-existing conditions, such as depression or anxiety, which may trigger your drug abuse.


Inpatient programs are recommended for individuals with a history of substance abuse or co-existing mental health conditions. If you choose this option, you will live in a safe, residential setting and determine several therapy modalities and 24/7 support.


Outpatient programs enable you to stay within your own home and fulfill necessary responsibilities while attending treatment. This can be an effective option for those with a supportive home environment or a milder form of addiction.

Talking therapies such as cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) are often used in ecstasy addiction treatment. These techniques can help people identify and alter the thoughts and behaviors contributing to their substance abuse and find healthier coping mechanisms. Talking therapies can be run in individual sessions or during group therapy. Finding a support group can be combined with CBT, as you find support from others who truly understand your challenges.

Getting Help for Drug Abuse

Suppose you are asking the question ‘how long does ecstasy stay in your system’ because you are anxious about testing positive for MDMA. In that case, it may indicate you need to seek advice from a qualified addiction treatment center.

Our team is ready to support you through the detox process, giving you the best chance at a complete and safe recovery. As you walk through our doors, we provide you with the utmost care and attention. Family therapy and various talking therapies are also offered to those trying to recover from a substance use disorder.

Our substance abuse treatment programs are tailored to your specific needs and goals, including medication-assisted treatment, mental health treatment, and specialized trauma treatment.

Asking for help and admitting you have a problem is difficult, but once you’ve stepped through that threshold, a life of sobriety can be yours.

How To Deal With a Drug Addict Daughter

Being a parent comes with a huge amount of responsibility, and the path is not always easy. There are going to be challenges when it comes to keeping your children safe and happy.

Discovering that your child is living with a drug addiction can be devastating, but there is hope for the future. Here we look at some of the most beneficial ways of supporting your child through their substance abuse and recovery process.

You may find it difficult to confront your child about their addiction, especially if they are at an age where they live independently from you. Finding the right approach takes some work so we have laid out some helpful techniques, along with some unhelpful behavior to avoid in this scenario.

Trust your instincts as a parent or parents; the stress may cloud your judgement but listen to your inner voice and remember that your love for your child is one of the most healing contributions to their recovery.

How To Support Your Adult Child’s Addiction Recovery

Everyone’s addiction is unique, as is their recovery. Although your son or daughter may always have to be mindful of their addictive behaviors, a fulfilled life of sobriety can be their future.

Standing beside them through the process can be the necessary hand on their shoulder to get them through. We look at some of the best ways to offer emotional support, sustain strong family relationships, and maintain necessary self-care throughout the process.

Understand Addiction

In order to truly support your child through their drug use, you first need to fully understand addiction, and the symptoms and behaviors associated with it.

When reading about substance use disorders, choose reputable sources and only read medically reviewed information. There is still a lot of stigma around addictive behaviors and absorbing misinformation about the disorder could lead you and your child to feeling further isolated from one another.

Research suggests that there are a number of things which lead young people into addiction, including environment, genetics, and altered brain development. This is contrary to the previously held belief that those who engage in drug taking are morally corrupt or have poor self-control.

No matter what the catalyst for your daughter’s drug taking, there is help available and a drug-free future ahead is possible.

Joining support groups with other parents managing a child’s addiction can be a very effective and supportive way to learn about addiction. If your child is in the early days of recovery you can take advice and motivation from those further on in the journey; likewise, if you are further on in the process you can offer support and hope for those at the beginning.

Enlist Support for All Family Members

Choosing a treatment center which values a strong family unit can make a positive contribution to your child’s addiction recovery. Although your daughter is the person undergoing substance abuse treatment, the impact of her drug abuse is felt by the entire family.

Family therapy can help you find ways to communicate with each other in a constructive and supportive way, where everyone is able to talk about their feelings and feel heard. A family therapist can also help you to create and set boundaries, an important step we will discuss below.

Family involvement in the recovery process plays an important role in supporting your child and, crucially, yourself. Your own health and well being are not secondary in this scenario; if you neglect your own life and needs you will not be capable of supporting your daughter through this journey.

In addition to family therapy, there are resources and support groups available for the whole family of substance users. These groups can offer invaluable support and hope for healing together with your loved one.

Set Healthy Boundaries

One of the most important, but often challenging, steps you can take to support your child is to create and maintain healthy boundaries. These are rules and agreements which encourage respectful and supportive behavior for everyone experiencing the recovery process.

These boundaries may incorporate ideas around time commitments, personal space, possessions, honesty, respect, house rules, and many other things which are uniquely important to your family.

When establishing these boundaries, consider your child’s health, other family members, and crucially, your own needs. Despite the fact that your daughter is living with a severe mental health issue, there is not only one person to nurture and care for.

When you have put boundaries in place, ensure that you have communicated these clearly and that they have been understood. This way, even in particularly difficult moments you can work together as a unit to maintain these healthy boundaries.

What Not To Do As The Parent of a Drug User

It takes a lot of work from everyone around to stay on the recovery track. As a parent, the love and protection you have for your daughter may override other feelings. It’s important not to give in to certain instincts which at times will be very strong.

Here we look at some of the things you want to avoid if your son or daughter is struggling with alcohol abuse or a substance use disorder.

Don’t Enable The Drug Abuse

Enabling behavior is a very common trap to fall into. As a parent, it can be tempting to make excuses for your addicted child and their behavior. This often comes from a well-meaning position, as you may want to protect them from unkind judgement or criticism.

However, downplaying or denying that they are battling addiction can reinforce their own ideas that they do not need treatment and result in them rejecting a rehab program.

Drug and alcohol use can have negative consequences on your child’s physical and mental health, their relationships, career, studies, and crucially, their sense of self.

Even when you have your daughter’s best intentions at heart, it is possible to fall into a pattern of enabling. There is a spectrum of this behavior, from lending them money to smothering and controlling them. Being aware of all of these possibilities can keep you in the best position for you and your child.

Once you stop enabling your child’s behavior, you will find supportive ways of responding to her mental illness, from positive reinforcement, to honest discussion, to exemplary self care.

Don’t Blame Yourself or Her for Substance Abuse

Feelings of shame and guilt are typically very present for individuals who are abusing drugs. Adding to this by blaming or judging your child for their substance use is only going to contribute to her low self esteem and addiction triggers.

Abusing substances is a common way of dealing with difficult or traumatic life experiences. Attributing blame to your addicted daughter or son is likely to further isolate them.

In addition to this, blaming yourself or taking responsibility is not a constructive way to deal with a drug addiction in the family. Family members often carry guilt for their role in substance use disorders; however, it is almost always a combination of triggers which result in substance use, and the responsibility is not for one person to bear.

Focus on creating a support network for your child which can channel your energy into positive, healthy steps forward.

Don’t Take Away Her Capabilities

Treating your child as though they are incapable of anything alone can be detrimental to their overall progress.

Although your intentions are likely to ease some pressure and make their lives easier, there is a risk they will believe that they are powerless on their own. Allow your child to take control of their life and build up their self confidence again.

Remember that she is a person in her own right and her substance abuse does not define her.

Quality Treatment for Drug Abuse

If your daughter is in the grips of a drug addiction, it may be hard to imagine another reality. But there is hope: extensive scientific research has found a number of effective evidence-based treatment methods for recovery from substance abuse.

At Empowered Recovery, we take a multi-faceted approach. Our addiction recovery programs combine a range of treatment options tailored to our client’s needs. We don’t only treat the symptoms of addiction, but we also look at the underlying triggers and co-existing mental health disorders which contribute to substance use disorders. Some of the modalities we incorporate:

  • Talk therapy, such as Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (CBT) and Dialectical Behavioral Therapy (DBT)
  • Group support sessions
  • Alternative therapies, such as yoga and meditation
  • Life skills development
  • Family therapy

A quality treatment program will include comprehensive aftercare to support clients at the end of their rehab program. At Empowered Recovery, this includes connecting you with local support groups and offering continued recovery coaching.

Contact Us Today

If you are worried about your daughters drug use, contact us at today to discuss the treatment options. We can offer confidential advice about supporting you and your family through this challenging time. One of our compassionate staff members will take your call and answer any questions you have about the journey to sobriety and health for your daughter.

Cocaine Abuse Symptoms

What Is Cocaine?

The DEA classifies cocaine as a Schedule II drug because of its potential for abuse and addictive properties. It acts as a powerful stimulant of the central nervous system and reward pathway in the brain by raising dopamine levels in the user. Cocaine users will feel increased energy, activeness, and alertness. People who abuse cocaine will display physical and behavioral symptoms.

Cocaine exists in two primary forms: powdered cocaine, often referred to as “blow” or “coke,” and a solid, rock form, crack cocaine, known as “crack” or “rock” on the streets. Powdered cocaine is most easily taken by snorting but can also be dissolved in water, whereas crack is smoked. Since cocaine is so addictive, using either may lead to drug addiction.

Effects of a Cocaine High

Cocaine creates exacerbated feelings of euphoria and well-being. It makes a person feel sharp and alert. They may become highly talkative, with significantly boosted confidence and courage. This experience, also known as cocaine intoxication, is why people take the drug.

The pleasurable cocaine-induced experience is usually intense but brief, one contributing factor to how addictive it is (the intensity is enjoyable, but its brevity means the user needs more cocaine quickly). How long it takes for cocaine to kick in, the duration and intensity of the high, and how quickly the effects wear off depending on various factors. One of these is how it is taken: smoking cocaine or injecting it will work faster and more powerfully than snorting it, but the drug acts rapidly in all cases. Cocaine intoxication generally wears off after 30 minutes to two hours.

However, the racing pulse, increased body temperature, and interference with brain chemistry caused each time cocaine is used mean the drug places considerable strain on the body and mind.

Signs and Symptoms Someone Is On Cocaine

While the user will experience the sensations and feelings described above, anyone around them may notice mixed signals – on the one hand, the person may seem positively upbeat, buzzing with energy, brimming with self-confidence, and highly friendly; on the other, they may become suddenly restless and irritable, sensitive to loud noises or touch, and their gaze may reveal dilated pupils.

Early Signs and Symptoms Someone Is Abusing Cocaine

What starts as an experiment with the drug, or occasional social use of cocaine, are risky behaviors that can quickly lead to a cocaine abuse habit. Since tolerance to cocaine is acquired rapidly, a person can soon need more and more often to achieve the same euphoric effects. One of the first warning signs a person is abusing cocaine is a marked change in behavior. The person may display mood swings, erratic sleep patterns, loss of focus on work or studies, commitment to responsibilities, neglect of personal hygiene, distraction, and depression. In short, they are not their usual self, be it their state of mind or their actions.

Aside from these behavioral symptoms, physically, a person may display suppressed appetite and loss of weight, a runny nose and nosebleeds, and bloodshot eyes.

When these signs of cocaine use are present, even if the person has not reached the stage of addiction proper, the risks to their health and possible actual damage are already considerable. If a person is able, perhaps with the help of friends or family members, to recognize their drug use as drug abuse, they are in an excellent space to seek treatment and avoid a descent into worse substance abuse problems.

Cocaine Addiction

Statistics from just before the Covid pandemic showed an increase in emergency room visits in the US for non-fatal cocaine overdoses across all age groups. Continued use of cocaine, or other drugs, despite harmful consequences, is generally an indicator a person is in active addiction. Ideally, a person will understand that this describes their condition from things like the cocaine withdrawal and drug cravings they will experience. Sadly, many people are unwilling or unable to recognize the symptoms of cocaine addiction and are therefore unlikely to seek the addiction treatment that could help them.

Effects of Cocaine Addiction

Those in the inner circle of a person in active cocaine addiction will notice a whole range of effects and may become concerned for the person’s mental health. The signs of cocaine addiction are both physical and mental.

Although not all the following physical symptoms will be outwardly apparent, they all point to cocaine addiction:

  • Unusually high energy, restlessness, difficulty sleeping.
  • High blood pressure, increased or irregular heart rate, perspiration.
  • The effects of damage to the nasal tissues: runny nose and nosebleeds.
  • Using cocaine in ever-increasing quantities to compensate for acquired tolerance leads to frequent blackouts.

Psychologically, there may be:

  • Noticeable mood changes from one extreme to another: euphoria, surges in confidence, and enthusiasm, but also agitation, irritability, and restlessness.
  • Emotional states that could point to mental illness: include depression and psychosis.
  • Impairment of mental and cognitive abilities, such as concentration, decision-making, and performing duties.
  • Taking cocaine to self-medicate for any of the above, stress or pressure.

Long-term Effects of Cocaine Addiction

In the longer term, cocaine addiction adversely affects all areas of the user’s life – physical and mental health, work, livelihood and finances, social life, relationships, family dynamics, etc.

They will be at increased risk of:

  • Damage to the heart and liver, permanent damage to the brain
  • Redundancy, unemployment, financial difficulties
  • The trouble with legal authorities, social isolation
  • Co-occurring disorders (when a mental health condition and a substance abuse condition are diagnosed as being present simultaneously), suicidal tendencies
  • Overdose, stroke, heart attack, and death.

Causes and Risk Factors of Cocaine Addiction

Any addiction is generally the result of many diverse causes. Understanding cocaine addiction usually requires looking at the broader picture of a person’s life, circumstances, and history.

A more immediate cause can be risky behavior, such as dabbling in drugs occasionally or for recreational use. A casual drug habit like this can activate new reward mechanisms in the brain, creating a stronger desire and a need for drugs, especially heroin and cocaine. A few categories of risk factors are listed below:

  • Environmental: individuals in highly demanding and competitive environments, for their work, studies, sports training, and so on, are at risk of developing an addiction through using cocaine to perform better, work or study longer, or be sleepless. Also, unsurprisingly, people surrounded by, or often in contact with, users of cocaine or other drugs risk being more easily introduced to the drug through cocaine exposure.
  • Physiology: in particular brain chemistry, people have a greater or lesser capacity to experience well-being through pleasurable activities. They may seek drugs to compensate or find that cocaine has a potent effect on them.
  • Family; this applies to genetics – inherited genes may predispose a person to cocaine addiction – and the home, since a parent or sibling in active addiction may pass their habit on to other family members.
  • Psychological: some people may use cocaine either to reinforce a feeling (confidence, for example) or to avoid one (such as depression). They may also have a preexisting mental health condition making them more vulnerable to the temptation of drugs or impairing their judgment around acting and behaving in their best interests.
  • History: particularly medical, someone who has previously suffered from a substance use disorder, or had mental health concerns, may fall more easily under the sway of cocaine use and addiction.

Treatment Centers and Recovery

Whether you snort it, smoke it, or inject it, cocaine is such a powerful drug and so addictive that some would argue any illegal use of it constitutes abuse. Any cocaine addiction always starts with a single line of coke, with one first contact. Any self-respecting treatment center will take cocaine addiction very seriously. At Empowered Recovery Center, we want you to get well and live the life that is your birthright – complete and creative energy, a life of purpose. Whether you or a loved one is currently struggling, we are here to guide and support you along a path countless others have successfully trodden before – the way to freedom.

The Dangers of Snorting Adderall

What Is Adderall?

Adderall is a central nervous system (CNS) prescription drug approved by the Food and Drug Administration in 1996. It is a combination of stimulants, amphetamine, and dextroamphetamine, which increase dopamine and norepinephrine levels in the brain. This results in enhanced concentration and focus and decreased impulsiveness. It is generally prescribed to treat Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and narcolepsy (a chronic condition characterized by daytime drowsiness and overwhelming urges to sleep).

What Are The Effects of Adderall?

The increased mental alertness and energy Adderall delivers has made it popular among students, who use it to concentrate more and study longer. It activates the body’s fight-or-flight response and stimulates the brain, increasing dopamine production and inducing feelings of euphoria. Adderall also suppresses appetite.

How Do You Take Adderall?

When prescribed by a doctor, Adderall is taken in tablet form or as a time-release capsule, generally in the morning, to avoid disrupting sleep patterns.

When used outside of a medical context as a recreational drug, Adderall can be crushed, mixed with water and injected, mixed with tobacco and smoked, or snorted like cocaine. Currently, snorting Adderall seems to be one of the most popular ways of taking it among students, second only to oral administration.

What Class of Drug Is Adderall?

Adderall is classified as a schedule II controlled substance because of the risk it may cause potential addiction and physical dependence. It is only legally available with a legitimate prescription from a licensed medical professional.

Nonmedical use of Adderall to self-medicate may gradually lead to a drug abuse habit and the need for addiction treatment.

What Are The Reasons for Adderall Abuse?

Snorting Adderall produces a rapid, intense “high” due to the brain’s surge in the feel-good neurotransmitter dopamine. The drug reaches the brain more quickly via the digestive system, hence the enhanced effect. Used in this way, Adderall is comparable to illegal and addictive stimulants in potency, which has made its customary use more and more common, particularly among young adults.

Among students, starting as early as high school, Adderall is frequently used as a “study drug.” By increasing powers of concentration, the drug helps them study undistracted and for more extended periods. Their thinking is that the drug will help them achieve more academically. However, studies show that unless a person has a genuine attention deficit disorder, this is not the case, and, worse, the drug can even hinder mental agility.

Misusing Adderall as a “crash diet drug” for weight loss is also expected since people feel less hunger when on it. Other people take it as an aphrodisiac, others still as a party drug to prolong their reveling. It can banish sleepiness and make a person feel less sensitive to alcohol.

While the immediate effects of snorting Adderall may feel pleasant, there are many adverse effects.

Consequences of Sustained Use of Adderall

Although Adderall has several potentially harmful side effects even when taken under medical supervision, for this blog post, we will focus more on its misuse because this is when the results of snorting Adderall are the most powerful and potentially problematic.

  • Adderall addiction: snorting Adderall can easily lead to compulsive, addictive, and continued use.
  • Dependence: a person’s body becomes so accustomed to Adderall that it can no longer perform without it cognitively or physiologically.
  • Tolerance: a person’s body gets used to processing Adderall, so they need to use more and more to get the desired effect.
  • Withdrawal symptoms: abusing Adderall means stopping or even decreasing drug use becomes difficult because the person experiences numerous unpleasant symptoms without it.The above explains why it is not unusual for a person regularly snorting Adderall to need addiction treatment.

Snorting Adderall Side Effects

On a psychological level, snorting Adderall can cause:

  • Hostile emotions such as anger or aggression
  • Disturbed mental states such as paranoia or psychosis
  • Difficulty “switching off” the mind and reduced sleep.

Physical side-effects of Adderall abuse include:

  • Irregular heartbeat and high blood pressure
  • High body temperature
  • Poor appetite and stomach pain, leading to insufficient nutritional intake
  • Seizure or even stroke

Nasal Septum Damage

As the conduit by which Adderall is consumed, the nose suffers from snorting the drug as much as it does when snorting cocaine. Common symptoms are:

  • Runny nose and crusting in the nostrils
  • Congestion, chronic sinusitis, or sinus infections
  • Frequent nosebleeds
  • Difficulty swallowing
  • Actual damage to the nasal septum

Longer-Term Effects of Snorting Adderall

Adderall places a significant strain on the nervous system and heart. By interfering with the natural balance of the body and mind, it can cause health problems over time. Heavy use of Adderall over a prolonged period can produce some of the very problems it is prescribed to cure! Difficulty concentrating and finding the motivation to focus on and stick with tasks are examples.

States of mind are, of course, intimately linked to the state of the body. Some chronic physical symptoms that can arise are:

  • Headaches and tremors
  • Weight loss and constipation
  • General tiredness, lethargy
  • Sleeplessness, heart disease

Mental states and emotions can be affected as follows:

  • Mood swings, panic attacks
  • Anxiety, depression, suicidal thoughts
  • Paranoia, hallucinations

Overdoses From Snorting Adderall

Since if you snort Adderall, the drug’s effects are felt in just a few minutes, there is a genuine danger of overdose. “How much is a dangerous amount?” you may ask – as an indicator, bear in mind that the maximum recommended daily dose of both Adderall and Adderall XR (the extended-release form of the drug, a pill that dissolves more slowly) is 40 mg.

Risk factors for an overdose include ongoing substance addiction, a person’s medical history (for example, any past struggles with substance use disorder, mental health issues etc.), and tolerance to the drug built up by frequent use, meaning increasingly large quantities are needed to achieve intoxicating effects. Mixing Adderall with alcohol or other drugs also increases the risk of overdose.

Among the most noticeable symptoms of an Adderall overdose for the drug user are:

  • Anxiety and panic
  • Blurry vision, disorientation, hallucinations
  • Rapid pulse and breathing
  • Fever, upset stomach, diarrhea

Obvious signs that a third party can observe include:

  • Aggression
  • Tremors, seizures, shaking
  • Loss of consciousness

Quitting Adderall – The Withdrawal Process

From the above information, it should be clear that snorting Adderall is genuinely playing with fire. But as with most drugs, going “cold-turkey” (stopping wholly and abruptly), or even stopping relatively suddenly, can cause highly unpleasant withdrawal symptoms, of which drug cravings are only the most obvious.

A person misusing Adderall and then stopping will initially experience a “crash,” suddenly coming down from the default good feelings they have become accustomed to thanks to continued use. When their mind and body have come to rely on the chemical to function more or less comfortably, the subsequent “low” may feel almost intolerable. When people have developed a habit of snorting Adderall, it is not unusual for withdrawal symptoms to persist for several weeks.

Physically a person may experience:

  • Nausea, stomach ache, vomiting
  • Trouble sleeping and a sense of being drained of energy

Mentally, they may feel depressed, irritable, or experience changeable moods.

Dealing with Withdrawal

While a clinical professional or professional treatment provider can advise on navigating withdrawal, everyone has to face the discomfort for themselves. It is strongly suggested to discontinue Adderall use under the supervision of a doctor – if the urge to escape the symptoms becomes overwhelming, resuming the use of the drug is a genuine risk. Furthermore, in some people, withdrawal-induced feelings of depression can be so intense that they develop suicidal thoughts.

Adderall is a slippery drug. Many students undoubtedly begin using it genuinely believing it is only a temporary aid to their studies. A bit of a boost to help cope with the workload and succeed better academically. Unaware of the risks, they find a substance abuse habit develops.

At Empowered Recovery Center, we hold a compassionate space for all those needing help and support finding a way out of drugs. If you or a loved one fit this description, don’t hesitate to reach out. Whatever a person’s story or path to drugs, we hold no judgment. However, we offer a different way – the one to freedom from dependency on substances.

How Much Cocaine Does It Take to Overdose

Cocaine is one of the most infamous drugs known to date. Often glamorized by the rich and famous, cocaine gained popularity due to its euphoric high. However, cocaine use has many adverse side effects, including life-threatening consequences.

One of the biggest concerns surrounding cocaine use is the risk of overdose. In 2020, cocaine use was involved in around 20,000 overdose deaths. Whether you or a loved one is using cocaine, it is essential to familiarise yourself with the signs and symptoms of a cocaine overdose. Overdoses can be deadly, but you could potentially save a life if treated quickly.

Cocaine – What Is It?

Cocaine is a highly addictive stimulant drug made from a coca plant native to South America. It is typically found in a white powder form that is snorted, injected, or smoked.

Cocaine has gained popularity due to its short-term effects of increased energy levels and euphoria. Because of this, cocaine is highly addictive. In the United States, around 5.5 million people use cocaine every year, and related deaths are slowly increasing.

Cocaine addiction is brought on by the drug’s effects on the brain. Cocaine use increases the levels of dopamine that your brain produces, a chemical associated with feelings of pleasure.

Repeated use of cocaine causes the brain to produce less dopamine and often leaves the user feeling like they can’t function without the drug. This deficiency most likely will lead to the development of cocaine dependence.

What Causes Cocaine Overdose

The National Institute on Drug Abuse says that a cocaine overdose is caused by a person taking too much cocaine. This causes it to reach toxic levels in the system that induces a hazardous reaction in the body.

Cocaine toxicity can occur after repeated and progressive drug use, as the effects gradually build up over extended use. If you have a cocaine use disorder, you will likely take the drug in binges, meaning you take a significant amount in a short period. This increases the risk of a heart attack and causes problems to the gastrointestinal tract.

However, a cocaine overdose can occur even if it is your first time, as toxic levels are not purely dictated by the amount taken. Essentially, someone can overdose on cocaine after a few hundred milligrams, and someone could ingest a few grams and be fine.

The strength of cocaine is unknown as it can be mixed with other drugs and several different materials for dealers to increase profit. This often means that the strength of one gram can vary significantly from the strength of one gram from another source.

However, the increase in cocaine overdoses can be attributed to the rise of illicit drugs being laced with the opioid fentanyl. If you mix cocaine with any other drugs, you can overdose. Most cocaine overdoses are due to a mix of cocaine and synthetic opioids, and the number of people dying from this lethal mix of drugs has increased over the last few years.

If you believe you or someone you know is experiencing a cocaine overdose, it is essential to seek immediate medical attention.

What Happens If You Overdose Cocaine?

Cocaine is a stimulant drug that speeds up the central nervous system; however, if you experience cocaine toxicity, the effects brought on by this can potentially become life-threatening. Acute cocaine toxicity typically happens in a set of stages that are recognizable as specific symptoms. Signs of cocaine overdose are:

Stage 1

Physical symptoms that can be felt during stage 1 of acute cocaine toxicity include:

  • Elevated blood pressure
  • Increased heart rate
  • Rapid breathing

Alongside physical effects, a person may also experience psychological symptoms such as paranoia and confusion or delirium; this can cause a person to become dangerous to others and themselves.

Stage 2

Short-term side effects of cocaine use include increased body temperature, heart rate, and blood pressure. However, these can lead to cardiac and respiratory issues. Other symptoms of this stage are:

  • Loss of bladder control
  • Hyperthermia
  • Seizures

Stage 3

This is the final and most serious stage of cocaine overdoses; people experience:

  • Respiratory failure
  • Cardiac arrest
  • Loss of vital functions

The changes to your cardiovascular system can lead to a life-threatening cardiac arrest.

If a person reaches stage 3, their life is in danger, and immediate medical attention is needed before the body starts to shut down completely. The effects of cocaine can be felt immediately, and the stages of cocaine toxicity can quickly escalate. It is vital to respond fast as if the correct medical treatment is given; a person can survive.

If you partake in cocaine abuse, it is crucial to recognize cocaine overdose symptoms as time is of the essence. Help is just a phone call away.

Influencing Factors for Cocaine Overdose

Certain risk factors could contribute to the potential of an overdose. This makes it almost impossible to reduce the risk of or prevent an overdose. Factors include:

  • Bodyweight
  • Age when first using cocaine
  • History of substance abuse
  • Use of other substances
  • Method of ingestion, for example, if you snort, smoke, or inject cocaine

Long Term Consequences of Cocaine Use

The long-term adverse effects of cocaine are both physical and psychological. People with a substance abuse disorder, who use cocaine regularly, will increase their tolerance to the drug. This means more is needed for the same effects to be used.

The psychological effects of too much cocaine can range from irritability to psychosis. Cocaine can cause people to lose touch with reality and experience things not really there.

Those with substance use disorders often struggle in their day-to-day life. It makes it challenging to prioritize daily tasks such as maintaining social relationships or holding down a job.

Crack is another form of cocaine that is often smoked which causes problems with the lungs and increases the risk of heart attack, stroke, or respiratory failure.

Cocaine Addiction Treatment

The best way to prevent an overdose is to deal with the cocaine addiction at hand. Cocaine addiction is a substance abuse disorder, a disease that alters a person’s ability to stop taking the drug despite harmful consequences to their life. However, the condition is treatable through evidence-based treatment.

Long-term recovery is achievable through the help of a treatment center. This can offer support in managing withdrawal symptoms, dealing with the root of the addiction, and teaching tactics to deal with cravings.

If you or someone you know is struggling, then there are a range of treatment options that can help you take your first steps to recovery.

The first step of the treatment process is to undergo a detox. This is where the body gets rid of all toxins present from cocaine use. Medical detox is highly recommended as it enables you to experience withdrawal in a safe and comfortable environment.

After a detox, you will receive addiction treatment on an outpatient or inpatient basis. You will receive individual therapy, group therapy, stress management, and medication-assisted treatment here. These techniques have been proven to support clients in working toward a sober and healthy future.

Treatment at Empowered Recovery

At Empowered Recovery, we understand that drug addiction differs for everyone. We offer a holistic healing experience delivered by our team of medical experts. Our treatment options include:

  • Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT)
  • Trauma-focused therapy
  • Complementary therapy
  • Family therapy
  • Aversion Therapy
  • Experiential therapy

Our programs focus on long-term recovery to help you get back to living a sober and happy lifestyle.

If you or a loved one is struggling with addiction, we are here to help. Contact us today to discuss treatment options for you.

The Dangers of Snorting Tramadol

Abusing tramadol is dangerous, putting you at risk of addiction, serotonin syndrome, and potentially fatal overdose. However, effective substance abuse treatment can support you to leave tramadol behind and reclaim a healthy, sober life.

What Is Tramadol?

Tramadol is an opioid painkiller that doctors prescribe to treat moderate to moderately severe pain. Scientists first synthesized tramadol in 1962, and it went on sale in 1977. Doctors usually prescribe tramadol in pills or capsules.

Some people abuse tramadol to experience a euphoric high. It may also help improve performance in sports such as cycling. People abusing tramadol may crush pills into a powder and snort it to increase the intensity of the high.

Is Tramadol Illegal?

While tramadol is less potent than other opioids (such as heroin), it is still an addictive substance. The United States classifies tramadol as a schedule IV controlled substance, meaning that while it has medical uses, it is illegal to obtain without a prescription. Despite this, over 1.6 million people reported past-year misuse of tramadol from 2015 to 2017.

How Does Tramadol Affect the Brain?

Like other opioid drugs, tramadol works by binding to opioid receptors in the brain and other parts of the body, blocking chemical pain messengers and relieving pain. It also inhibits the reuptake of the chemical messengers norepinephrine and serotonin – hormones that regulate mood, respiration, and other essential functions. These chemicals have anti-depressant and anti-anxiety properties, producing feelings of relaxation and euphoria in the user.

What Are the Short-Term Effects of Snorting Tramadol?

Snorting tramadol can cause a variety of short-term effects. It can make you feel:

  • calm
  • happy
  • more awake

However, it also comes with a collection of undesirable or dangerous side effects, such as:

  • nausea and vomiting
  • dizziness
  • lethargy
  • constipation
  • diahorrea
  • lack of appetite
  • confusion
  • sweating
  • irritable mood
  • itching

More severe side effects of snorting tramadol include:

  • dizziness or fainting
  • raised blood pressure
  • tight airways
  • muscle weakness
  • hallucinations
  • fits
  • blood disorders
  • depressed breathing

What Are the Dangers of Snorting Tramadol?

Snorting tramadol puts you at risk of several serious medical complications – tramadol overdose, serotonin syndrome, and tramadol addiction.

Tramadol Overdose

If you take more tramadol than your body can metabolize, you may experience tramadol overdose. Opioids like tramadol affect areas of the brain responsible for breathing and respiration. If you take too much, your breathing can slow to dangerous levels.

Mixing tramadol with alcohol increases the risk of overdose.

Tramadol overdose is a medical emergency and can be fatal without urgent medical attention. If you think someone may have overdosed on tramadol, call 911 immediately.

Symptoms of tramadol overdose include:

  • Contracted pupils
  • Extreme drowsiness.
  • Slowed breathing
  • Slowed heartbeat
  • Weak muscles
  • Loss of consciousness

Serotonin Syndrome

Tramadol abuse has been linked to serotonin syndrome, a severe condition where serotonin receptors are overstimulated. Serotonin syndrome is potentially life-threatening without medical attention. Symptoms of serotonin syndrome include:

  • high fever
  • rapid pulse
  • agitation
  • confusion
  • sweating
  • trembling
  • shivering

Tramadol Addiction

If you take tramadol in a way other than what your doctor prescribes, you risk developing tramadol addiction. Addiction is when you compulsively seek or use a substance despite adverse consequences. It is characterized by physical changes in the brain that can make it very difficult to stop using the substance.

Addiction is a severe condition that can have devesting effects on your health, work, and family life. Common signs and symptoms of addiction include:

  • tramadol becoming the priority in your life
  • losing interest in activities you used to enjoy
  • lying and stealing to obtain tramadol
  • neglecting home and work responsibilities
  • secrecy and isolation
  • strained relationships with loved ones

While tramadol addiction can be scary, there is help available. Addiction treatment programs can support users to overcome their addiction and live a productive and fulfilling sober life.

Tramadol Dependence

If you repeatedly snort tramadol over some time, you may develop a physical dependence on tramadol. Physical dependence happens when your body gets used to the presence of the substance in your body and begins to adjust its functions in response. You start to rely on tramadol to feel normal.

If you suddenly stop taking tramadol, you may experience withdrawal symptoms as your body readjusts. Tramadol withdrawal symptoms can be physical and psychological and may include:

  • Sweating
  • Diarrhea
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Chills
  • Loss of appetite
  • Irritability
  • Aches and pains
  • Anxiety
  • Panic, paranoia, or panic attacks
  • Sleeping difficulties
  • Confusion or delirium
  • Increased blood pressure or heart rate
  • Fast breathing
  • Cravings

Because of the potential severity of withdrawal symptoms, you should seek professional medical advice before withdrawing from tramadol. Medical detox can support you to quit tramadol safely, treating withdrawal symptoms and helping to manage cravings.

Other Physical Health Risks

Tramadol comes with several other physical health risks for specific groups.

  • Pregnant women – Tramadol can be toxic to a developing fetus
  • Epilepsy- People with epilepsy should only take tramadol with clear medical advice due to established health risks
  • Asthma and lung disease – Tramadol can depress breathing and may be dangerous for people with respiratory conditions

Tramadol Addiction Treatment

Addiction is a complex disease – but it is treatable. With the proper support, you can overcome addiction and maintain long-term abstinence.

There are many different treatment approaches for substance addiction and treatment centers tend to offer various options. According to the National Institute on Drug Abuse, effective substance abuse treatment should:

  • vary depending on the type of drug and characteristics of the individual
  • be immediately available so the individual can enter treatment as soon as they decide to
  • treat the multiple needs of each individual, not just their drug abuse – this includes any associated medical, psychological, social, vocational, and legal concerns
  • be an adequate length of time
  • be continually assessed, evaluated, and adapted according to the individual’s progress

After decades of scientific research, there is now a range of evidence-based treatment options available for addiction. Treatment programs may include:

  • Talk therapies such as cognitive-behavioral therapy
  • Medication
  • Group programming
  • Support groups
  • Complementary therapies such as art therapy
  • Yoga and mindfulness
  • Life-skills development

Remember that no single treatment works for everyone, and you may need to try various options before finding the right option for you.

Empowered Recovery

Empowered Recovery is an expert-led, family-orientated addiction treatment center in Georgia. We offer a safe environment for clients to heal mentally, physically, and emotionally. Our holistic approach empowers each client with the skills they need to overcome addiction, develop life skills, and reclaim their future.

We combine clinical excellence with integrity, honesty, and compassion to help clients reach their full potential. We continually pursue the highest caliber of medical staff, many of whom have first-hand experience in addiction recovery. Our programs treat the entire person – not just the addiction – addressing any underlying mental health issues driving substance abuse.

Alongside our clinical team, our case managers work with clients to develop life skills that prepare them for sober life and help rebuild their self-esteem. We encourage clients to have fun in early recovery and rediscover their hobbies and passions. We offer a year’s additional recovery coaching to support clients through any challenges and difficulties they may face.

If you or someone you know is struggling with addiction, contact us today. We’re here for you.

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    3651 Canton Road,
    Marietta, GA 30066

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